Beal, Carol R. Boys and Girls: The Development of Gender Roles. New York: McGraw Hill, 1994. Call Number - BF723.542B4351994.
Kamler, Barbara. Constructing Gender and Difference: Critical Research Perspectives On Early Childhood. Cressskill, N.J.: Hampton Press, 1999. Call Number -BF723.542C661999.
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. The Developmental Social Psychology of Gender Mahwah, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2000. Call Number -
Social Work Library Men, Women, and the Sex Difference. Chapel Hill, NC: Social Work Library, 1996. Call Number - QP81.5M461996.
Academic Universe Lexis-Nexis Sources
Goldberg, Jonah. Among the Gender Benders. National Review Online; Goldberg file. National Review, 2001. Accessed May 25, 2001. Available from http://eresource.lib.unc.edu/cgibin/external_database_auth?A=PIF=YIURL=http:/ /web.lexis-nexis.com/universe; Internet.
Kuttner, Robert. America's Children. Section: Children and Families, pg.2. The American Prospect, Inc. 2000. Accessed May 25, 2001. Available from
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Leo, John. Will boys be boys? U.S. News and World Report, 2000. Accessed May 25, 2001. Available from http://eresource.lib.unc.edu/cgi-bin/external_database auth?A=PIF=YIURLl=http://web.lexis-nexis.com/universe; Internet
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Title of Web Page: Gender Roles of Children
Web Address: http://www.muohio.edu/~psybersite/cyberspace/cyberfamily/kids.htx
Description: This web page offers a variety of information explaining how children are socialized in a gender-stereotyped culture. It provides links to information on topics such as video games, computers, clothing, and toys, all of which are typically stereotypical. These links provide excellent examples of items that cause children to have stereotypical attitudes involving gender. This page also discusses how gender roles affect the typical American family and gives suggestions for avoiding this apparent problem.
Source: Miami University Social Psychology Department
Title of Web Page: Dolls, Trucks, and Identity: Educators Help Young Children Grow Beyond Gender
Web Address: http://www.4children.org/
Description: Written by Sehba Zhumkhawba, this article appeared in the November-December 1997 issue of Children's Advocate Newsmagazine. This article explains how children are exposed to gender stereotypes and provides specific examples of how these occur. Using examples from an elementary school classroom, this article discusses how parents and teachers contribute to this sexism and how they can avoid raising their children with gender stereotypes.
Source: Action Alliance for Children
Title of Web Page: Assessing Children's Gender-Stereotyped Attitudes
Web Address: http://www.4children.org/
Description: This article outlines the reasons for distinguishing attitudes about gender stereotypes in children. It explains and describes a research project involving young children and their reactions to masculine, feminine, and neutral activities. Their research found that children often gave stereotyped responses to the different masculine, feminine, and neutral activities. The article also explains where these stereotypes originate and the implications and effects that they have on children.
Source: Penn State University Psychology Department. Margaret L. Signorella
Title of Web Page: Toys, Colors, and the Invisible Sexism
Web Address: http://osu.orst.edu/~huj/512
Description: This article focuses on elements used in the everyday lives of children that cause sexism to persist. It discusses how parents and teachers often fail to realize the sexist implications in toys, clothing, and classrooms. This page provides links to examples of specific toys and colors that are sexist. It also explains how children are easily influenced at an early age.
Source: Oregon State University
Title of Web Page: Avoiding Gender Stereotypes
Web Address: http://cms.americanbaby.com/ab/CDA/featureDetail/0,1349,1172-1,00.html
Description: This website in intended for parents and provides specific instructions on how to avoid raising a child with gender stereotypes. It gives instructions for both boys and girls and provides examples of stereotypical parental actions. This website also provides links to many other child raising issues.
Source: American Baby